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Homebuying

A Homebuyer’s Guide to Closing Costs

What are closing costs?

Closing costs refer to the various legal and administrative costs associated with the sale or purchase of a home. These costs are paid upfront at the time of closing by both the seller and the buyer and vary depending on your municipality and which side of the transaction you are on.

Whether you are buying or selling your home, it’s important to take these costs into account so there are no surprises on closing day. As a buyer, closing costs can range from 2.5%- 4% of the property purchase price. This guide is meant specifically for buyers and will breakdown these costs, helping you set a realistic budget and prepare you for closing day on your new home.

To calculate an estimate of your closing costs, check out this calculator created by one of our great partner real estate agents!

Home inspection

A home inspection condition is a common clause included by homebuyers in their offer on a home. It allows the buyer to hire an inspector to view the property and, if they find serious issues, it gives the buyer the right to walk away from the purchase without losing their deposit. 

In competitive markets, buyers may choose not to include an inspection condition to make their offer more attractive. Similarly, some sellers may even get an inspection done prior to putting the home up for sale and include it with their property listing. 

When co-buying with Ourboro an inspection condition is not mandatory, however we do require our co-buyers to have an inspection done on the property within 10 days of an offer being accepted. This allows both you and Ourboro to have a clear understanding of the condition of the home when it was purchased. 

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Home inspection $200 - $600*

*Average range for the GTA. Final costs will depend on the type of home, the location, home size, and the home’s age.

Legal

Conveyance lawyers, also known as real estate transaction lawyers, are responsible for protecting your interest and ensuring that ownership of the property is transferred to you from the seller. Some of their specific tasks include, reviewing the legal documents pertaining to the property, communicating with your mortgage lender, arranging for title insurance, calculating land transfer taxes, closing the transaction, and ensuring all legal and financial conditions are met.

When co-buying with Ourboro, we also require buyers to obtain independent legal advice (ILA). This is the only additional cost when co-buying that buyers may not otherwise incur in a traditional home purchase. ILA protects our co-buyers by having an outside third-party explain all of the legal documentation before signing, ensuring our co-buyers fully understand the terms of our co-ownership.

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Conveyance lawyer $1,500 - $2,000*
Independent legal advice (required when co-buying with Ourboro) $500*

*Final costs may change based on your individual home purchase.

Title insurance

Title insurance is purchased through the homebuyer’s real estate lawyer to protect the buyer from financial losses related to the property’s title or ownership. It is a one-time purchase that protects the homebuyer as long as they own the property, covering losses up to the policy’s maximum coverage. Disputes around property ownership may arise if there are existing liens against the property, errors in surveys and public records, or other title-related issues that can affect your ability to mortgage, lease, or sell the property in the future.

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Title insurance $250*

*Approximate cost in Ontario.

Land transfer tax

Land transfer tax (LTT) is a tax paid to the province – and in the case of homes in Toronto, also paid to the municipality – when the purchase closes.

Provincial land transfer tax in Ontario is a marginal tax based on the property purchase price. Each portion of the purchase price is taxed at the rate outlined below:

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Purchase price Marginal tax rate
First $55,000 0.5%
$55,000.01 to $250,000.00 1.0%
$250,000.01 to $400,000.00 1.5%
$4000,000.01 to $2,000,000.00 2.0%
Over $2,000,000 2.5%

If you purchase a property for $1,000,000, the estimated LTT would be $16,475, calculated as follows:

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
$55,000 x 0.5% $275
($250,000 - $55,000) x 1% $1,950
($400,000 - $250,000) x 1.5% $2,250
($1,000,000 - $4000,000) x 2% $12,000
TOTAL $16,475

If you’re a first-time homebuyer, you can take advantage of Ontario’s land transfer tax rebate, up to a maximum of $4,000. To be eligible for this rebate the following conditions must apply:

  • You must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada,
  • You must be 18 years or older,
  • You must occupy the home within 9 months of purchase,
  • You cannot have owned a home or interest in a home anywhere in the world,
  • Your spouse cannot have owned a home while being your spouse,
  • If the home is newly constructed, it must be eligible for home warranty,
  •  Homebuyers must apply for the refund within 18 months of purchase,

If you are purchasing a home in Toronto, you will also be subject to the City of Toronto’s municipal land transfer tax in addition to Ontario’s. This LTT is calculated the same way as the provincial tax and also has a similar rebate available, up to a maximum of $4,475.

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Land transfer tax (Ontario) $16,475
Land transfer tax (Toronto) $16,475
Land transfer tax rebate (Ontario) ($4,000)
Land transfer tax rebate (Toronto) ($4,475)
TOTAL $24,475

*Based on the purchase of a $1,000,000 home in Toronto by a first-time homebuyer.

Property Insurance

Home insurance helps protect you, your home, and your home’s contents, against losses. Your coverage and rates will depend on the type of home insurance policy you choose and your location.

On average, Ontarians pay approximately $1,250 per year for home insurance, or approximately $104 per month.

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Property insurance $104/month*

*Monthly cost will depend on your individual insurance policy. 

Moving expenses

When you’re calculating your closing costs, it’s important to keep moving expenses in mind. These can include everything from preparing to leave your previous home, physically moving yourself and your belongings, to making any updates or renovations to your new home.

Will you need to hire a moving company? Will you rent storage space for any of your belongings? Do you want to make any immediate repairs to your new home before settling in? These are all things you should think about, and put aside funds for, before buying your new property.

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Moving expenses $1,000

*This is an estimate, your expenses will be dependent on your individual circumstances.

Reimbursements

If the seller has paid for any services that you will now enjoy as the new owner, you will need to reimburse the seller for these costs on closing day. This could include things like property taxes, prepaid utility bills, or condo fees. Your real estate lawyer will look for these costs and communicate them to you when you close on the home, but it’s important to keep in mind so there are as few surprises as possible.

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Reimbursements $1,000

*This is a conservative estimate, your expenses will be dependent on your individual circumstances.

Summary

Closing on your home is an exciting process, ultimately ending in you getting the keys to your new home! 

Now that you have a better understanding of the types of closing costs you can expect to see when you’re getting ready to close on your home, you can begin to prepare and set the necessary funds aside.

$1,500 – $2,000 $1,500 – $2,000
Closing cost Estimated price
Home inspection $300 - $600
Conveyance lawyer $2,000
Independent legal advice $500
Title insurance $250
Land transfer tax (Ontario) $16,475
Land transfer tax (Toronto) $16,475
Land transfer tax rebate (Ontario) ($4,000)
Land transfer tax rebate (Toronto) ($4,475)
Property insurance $104/month
Moving expenses $1,000
Reimbursements $1,000
TOTAL $29,825*

* Please note, these costs are estimates and your individual closing costs may vary.

Interested in seeing how much Ourboro may be able to contribute towards your down payment? Get an estimate and see how shared ownership can help you buy the home you want, sooner.

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